Djibouti: Political structure

Content Type
Country Data and Maps
Institution
Economist Intelligence Unit
Abstract
No abstract is available.
Topic
Politics, Summary, Political structure
Political Geography
Djibouti

Official name

République de Djibouti

Form of state

Unitary republic

Legal system

Based on the Napoleonic Code; a referendum in September 1992 endorsed a new constitution; the limit on the number of terms a president can serve was removed in April 2010, and term lengths were reduced from six to five years

National legislature

National Assembly; 65 members of parliament, elected by universal suffrage, serve five-year terms

National elections

April 2021 (presidential) and February 2018 (legislative); next presidential election is scheduled to be held in April 2026 and the next legislative election is due in February 2023

Head of state

President, elected by universal suffrage; serves a term of five years

National government

The president and his appointed Council of Ministers

Main political parties

The National Assembly is dominated by the Union pour la majorité présidentielle (UMP), a coalition that is dominated by the president's Rassemblement populaire pour le progrès (RPP), formerly the only legal political party. The UMP also contains the Front pour la restauration de l'unité et de la démocratie (FRUD), the Parti populaire social démocrate (PPSD) and the Union des partisans de la réforme (UPR). The Parti nationale démocratique (PND) left the UMP to join the opposition in 2011. A coalition of opposition parties, the Union pour le salut national (USN), was formed in 2013. The coalition is dominated by the Alliance républicaine pour la démocratie (ARD), but also contains the PND, the Mouvement pour le renouveau démocratique et le développement (MRD) and the Union djiboutienne pour la démocratie et la justice (UDJ). Outside the coalition, the Rassemblement pour l'action, la démocratie et le développement (RADD) was formed in early 2012, and the Centre des démocrates unifiés (CDU) in late 2012

Key ministers

President: Ismaël Omar Guelleh

Prime minister: Abdoulkader Kamil Mohamed

Secretary of state for decentralisation: Hamadou Mohamed Aramis

Secretary of state for youth & sports: Hassan Mohamed Kamil

Agriculture, water, fisheries & livestock: Mohamed Ahmed Awaleh

Budget: Abdoulkarim Aden Cher

Defence: Hassan Omar Mohamed Bourhan

Economy & finance: Ilyas Moussa Dawaleh

Energy: Yonis Ali Guedi

Foreign affairs & international co-operation: Mahamoud Ali Youssouf

Health: Mohamed Warsama Dirieh

Higher education & research: Nabil Mohamed Ahmed

Infrastructure & transport: Moussa Mohamed Ahmed

Interior: Moumin Ahmed Cheick

Justice & penitentiary affairs: Ali Hassan Bahdon

Labour: Isman Ibrahim Robleh

Muslim affairs & culture: Moumin Hassan Barreh

National education & vocational training: Moustapha Mahamoud

Urbanism, environment & tourism: Mohamed Abdoulkader Helem

Central bank governor

Ahmed Osman Ali

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