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  • Author: Daniel Heradstveit, G. Matthew Bonham, Michiko Nakano, Victor M.Sergeev
  • Publication Date: 01-2007
  • Content Type: Course Pack
  • Institution: Norwegian Institute of International Affairs
  • Abstract: This paper focuses on how leaders in Western countries talk about the “war on terrorism.” The paper discusses the difficulties of defining “terrorism,” because, unlike Marxism or capitalism, “terrorism” is not an ideology. Instead the term may be used to designate actions that are used by members of non-governmental organizations against civilian targets. In the case of the “war on terrorism,” the signifier, “terrorism,” is used widely. However, the signified, the perpetrators and what they do, are quite different. Because the designation of the signified depends upon the speaker, the concept of terrorism seems to be subjective and fluid. The signified switches radically both by context and over time, while the only aspect that is stable is the signifier, “terrorism.” The paper goes on to analyze the “war on terrorism” as an ontological metaphor. The paper concludes by arguing that although figures of speech contribute to the cognitive dimension of meaning by helping us to recognize the equivalence to which we are committed and suggesting new equivalences, metaphors like the “war on terrorism” raise problems and do little to increase our understanding. Considering different cultural codes and world views, this type of metaphor is highly counterproductive for communication on the global level.
  • Topic: Civil Society, Terrorism, War, Communications, Governance
  • Author: Nambaryn Enkhbayar
  • Publication Date: 10-2007
  • Content Type: Video
  • Institution: Columbia University World Leaders Forum
  • Abstract: Nambaryn Enkhbayar, President of Mongolia, delivers a keynote address and participates in a question and answer session moderated by Myron L. Cohen, Director of the Weatherhead East Asian Institute. This event is co-sponsored by the Weatherhead East Asian Institute.
  • Topic: International Affairs
  • Political Geography: Mongolia, Asia
  • Publication Date: 09-2007
  • Content Type: Video
  • Institution: Columbia University World Leaders Forum
  • Abstract: Presidency Chairman, Željko Komšić, delivers a keynote address and participates in a question and answer session moderated by Catharine Nepomnyashchy, Director of the Harriman Institute. This event is co-sponsored by the Harriman Institute.
  • Topic: Conflict Resolution, Regional Cooperation, International Affairs
  • Political Geography: Bosnia, Herzegovina, Balkans
  • Author: Toomas Hendrik Ilves, Mikheil Saakashvili
  • Publication Date: 09-2007
  • Content Type: Video
  • Institution: Columbia University World Leaders Forum
  • Abstract: President Lee C. Bollinger moderates a discussion between President Toomas Hendrik Ilves and President Mikheil Saakashvili. This event is co-sponsored by the Harriman Institute.
  • Topic: Economics, Emerging Markets, Politics, Regional Cooperation, International Affairs
  • Political Geography: Eastern Europe, Estonia, Georgia
  • Author: Michelle Bachelet
  • Publication Date: 09-2007
  • Content Type: Video
  • Institution: Columbia University World Leaders Forum
  • Abstract: President of Chile, Michelle Bachelet delivers a keynote address and participates in a question and answer session moderated by John H. Coatsworth, Acting Dean, School of International and Public Affairs. This event is co-sponsored by the Institute of Latin American Studies.
  • Topic: Democratization, Development, Regional Cooperation
  • Political Geography: Latin America, Chile
  • Author: Mahmoud Ahmadinejad
  • Publication Date: 09-2007
  • Content Type: Video
  • Institution: Columbia University World Leaders Forum
  • Abstract: Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, President of Iran delivers a keynote address and participates in a question and answer session moderated by John H. Coatsworth, Acting Dean, School of International and Public Affairs.
  • Topic: Human Rights, Islam, Weapons of Mass Destruction
  • Political Geography: Iran, Middle East