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  • Publication Date: 05-2008
  • Content Type: Policy Brief
  • Institution: Atlantic Council
  • Abstract: Because of their significant contribution to global demand for improved living standards, meaningful actions by the United States and China on transportation and energy will be important in any effort to reduce global consumption of traditional energy sources. Together the United States and China consume 40% of the world's energy and are responsible for 50% of the world's greenhouse gas emissions. Given their economic size and impact on global markets, it is imperative that the U.S. and China join in a mutually beneficial process.
  • Topic: Economics, Energy Policy, Environment, Bilateral Relations
  • Political Geography: United States, China, Asia, North America
  • Author: Christopher Boucek
  • Publication Date: 09-2008
  • Content Type: Course Pack
  • Institution: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
  • Abstract: In the aftermath of a wave of deadly terrorist attacks that began in 2003, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia launched a wide-ranging counterterrorism campaign. Central to Saudi counterterrorism efforts has been the use of unconventional “soft” measures designed to combat the intellectual and ideological justifications for violent extremism. The primary objective of this strategy is to engage and combat an ideology that the Saudi government asserts is based on corrupted and deviant interpretations of Islam. The impetus for this soft approach came in large part from the recognition that violent extremism cannot be combated through tradition security measures alone. This Saudi strategy is composed of three interconnected programs aimed at prevention, rehabilitation, and post- release care (PRAC). Although only in operation for the past four years, the Saudi strategy—es- pecially the rehabilitation and counter-radicalization programs—has generated very positive and very intriguing results. To date, recidivist and rearrest rates are extremely low, at approximately 1 to 2 percent. Similar programs designed to demobilize violent extremists and their supporters are increasing in popularity, with a number of countries adopting comparable counter-radicalization pro- grams. Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Yemen, Singapore, Indonesia, and Malaysia have all established rehabilitation and engagement programs, as has the U.S. military through Task Force 134 in Iraq. As such, the importance of understanding the Saudi strategy, and counter-radicalization broadly, is increasing in relevance in the fight against violent radical Islamist extremism.
  • Topic: Security, Islam, Terrorism, Governance
  • Political Geography: Saudi Arabia
  • Author: Evo Morales
  • Publication Date: 11-2008
  • Content Type: Video
  • Institution: Columbia University World Leaders Forum
  • Abstract: This World Leaders Forum program features a keynote address by President Evo Morales Ayma of Bolivia followed by a question and answer session with the audience.
  • Topic: Democratization, Politics, War on Drugs, International Affairs, Social Stratification
  • Political Geography: Latin America, Bolivia
  • Author: Recep Tayyip Erdogan
  • Publication Date: 11-2008
  • Content Type: Video
  • Institution: Columbia University World Leaders Forum
  • Abstract: This World Leaders Forum program features a keynote address by Recep Tayyip Erdogan, Prime Minister of the Republic of Turkey entitled, "Turkey's Role in Shaping the Future."
  • Topic: Islam, Bilateral Relations
  • Political Geography: Europe, Turkey, Middle East, Asia
  • Author: Rohit T. Aggarwala, Kelly Kleinert, Klaus S. Lackner, Lionel McIntyre
  • Publication Date: 10-2008
  • Content Type: Video
  • Institution: Columbia University World Leaders Forum
  • Abstract: President Lee C. Bollinger hosts this World Leaders Forum program featuring a panel discussion on environmental stewardship through Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg's PlaNYC initiative, Columbia's contributions to the City's sustainable future, and what role New Yorkers play in the global effort. The program will be followed by a question and answer session with the audience.
  • Topic: Climate Change, Education, Environment, Health
  • Political Geography: New York
  • Author: Danilo Türk
  • Publication Date: 09-2008
  • Content Type: Video
  • Institution: Columbia University World Leaders Forum
  • Abstract: A keynote address by President Danilo Türk of Slovenia followed by a question and answer session with the audience.
  • Topic: International Relations, Regional Cooperation, International Affairs
  • Political Geography: Balkans, Slovenia
  • Author: Anders Fogh Rasmussen
  • Publication Date: 09-2008
  • Content Type: Video
  • Institution: Columbia University World Leaders Forum
  • Abstract: A keynote address by Prime Minister Anders Fogh Rasmussen of Denmark, followed by a question and answer session with the audience.
  • Topic: Climate Change, Energy Policy, Oil
  • Political Geography: Europe, Denmark
  • Author: Leonel Fernández
  • Publication Date: 09-2008
  • Content Type: Video
  • Institution: Columbia University World Leaders Forum
  • Abstract: A panel discussion featuring President Leonel Fernández in conversation with Professor Emeritus Ronald M. Schneider and Dean John H. Coatsworth; moderated by John R. Gagain Jr.
  • Topic: Development, Regional Cooperation, Immigration
  • Political Geography: Latin America, Caribbean
  • Author: Anne Lauvergeon
  • Publication Date: 09-2008
  • Content Type: Video
  • Institution: Columbia University World Leaders Forum
  • Abstract: A keynote address by Anne Lauvergeon, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Areva followed by a question and answer session with the audience.
  • Author: Ólafur Ragnar Grímsson
  • Publication Date: 09-2008
  • Content Type: Video
  • Institution: Columbia University World Leaders Forum
  • Abstract: Clean Energy and Human Capital: Iceland- The Laboratory Small States in Global Development. A keynote address by President Ólafur Ragnar Grímsson of Iceland, followed by a question and answer session with the audience.
  • Topic: Civil Society, Climate Change, Democratization, Energy Policy
  • Political Geography: Europe, Iceland