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  • Author: Sabine Kurtenbach
  • Publication Date: 05-2009
  • Content Type: Policy Brief
  • Institution: Institute for Development and Peace
  • Abstract: Conflict and violence have become an important context for development cooperation during the last decade. Donors not only have to cope with the consequences of conflict in their day-to-day work on the ground, but also need to develop strategies in the fields of early warning and prevention, as well as instruments for conflict analysis and conflic-sensitive approaches for cooperation. At the same time, external actors have been important supporters for many peace processes aiming at the termination of armed conflicts and violence. When wars or armed conflicts end (or at least when violence on the ground decreases) the hope for sustainable peacebuilding grows. UN General Secretary Ban Ki Moon pointed out the importance of the immediate post-conflict/post-war period in a report to the Security Council on June 11, 2009: “The immediate post-conflict period offers a window of opportunity to provide basic security, deliver peace dividends, shore up and build confidence in the political process, and strengthen core national capacity to lead peacebuilding efforts.” This gives a first impression of the many challenges internal and external actors face; at the same time experiences on the ground show that liberal peacebuilding conceived as a profound transformation process is a difficult endeavour.
  • Topic: Conflict Resolution, Political Violence, Development, War, Armed Struggle
  • Political Geography: United Nations
  • Author: Koen Vlassenroot
  • Publication Date: 09-2009
  • Content Type: Policy Brief
  • Institution: EGMONT - The Royal Institute for International Relations
  • Abstract: In the pursuit of security and development in Africa, more and more reference is being made to the concept of fragile states. This paper explores the meaning of this concept and considers the attention that is being paid to it as a consequence of integrating security and development into the policy of the major donor countries. In an African context state fragility is a cause of numerous conflicts, but also a major focal point of peace processes and donor interventions. This paper is intended to be a warning against a too narrow focus on security in the process of combating fragility. It pleads for an integrated policy, based on the pursuit of sustainable development and emphasises the strengthening of the authority and power of the state and the promotion of local economic and social development.
  • Topic: Conflict Resolution, Security, Political Violence, Development, Economics, Fragile/Failed State
  • Political Geography: Africa
  • Author: Andy Johnson, Kyle Spector, Scott Payne, Matt Bennett
  • Publication Date: 12-2009
  • Content Type: Policy Brief
  • Institution: Third Way
  • Abstract: Speaking at West Point, President Obama clarified America's mission in Afghanistan and announced a new strategy designed to defeat al Qaeda, respond to the security threat posed by chaos in the Afghanistan-Pakistan region, and set a clear path for turning the war over to the Afghans. Third Way believes that the President's approach is worthy of strong support from Congress and other leaders.
  • Topic: Foreign Policy, Military Strategy
  • Political Geography: Pakistan, Afghanistan, United States, North America
  • Author: Kurt Volker
  • Publication Date: 12-2009
  • Content Type: Policy Brief
  • Institution: Atlantic Council
  • Abstract: Twenty years after the fall of the Berlin Wall, NATO stands at a crossroads. Will it reinvent itself yet again, to serve as the foundation for the security and defense of Europe and North America in a world of diverse, non-conventional threats, many of which come from outside of Europe? Will it return to a passive, geographically defined approach of protecting the territory of European Allies against armed attack? Will it merge these visions into a new hybrid? Will it retain the political will and resource commitments of its members, whether in Europe or North America?
  • Topic: NATO, International Cooperation, Reform
  • Political Geography: Europe, North America
  • Author: Robin Niblett, Alexei Monsarrat, Aola Subacchi
  • Publication Date: 03-2009
  • Content Type: Policy Brief
  • Institution: Atlantic Council
  • Abstract: What started last year as a growing international credit crunch and, by September, a global banking crisis has now spread into the real economy. International trade, investment and economic growth are all contracting. A drastic curtailment of credit, collapsing global demand and a loss of trade finance is having a devastating economic effect on both the developed and developing worlds, especially those economies that are heavily dependent on exports.
  • Topic: Economics, Foreign Exchange, International Trade and Finance, Financial Crisis
  • Author: William Dudley
  • Publication Date: 12-2009
  • Content Type: Video
  • Institution: Columbia University World Leaders Forum
  • Abstract: This World Leaders Forum program features a keynote address by William C. Dudley, president of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, followed by a question and answer session with the audience.
  • Topic: Economics, International Political Economy, International Trade and Finance, Global Recession, Financial Crisis
  • Political Geography: United States, New York
  • Author: Alfredo Jaar
  • Publication Date: 10-2009
  • Content Type: Video
  • Institution: Columbia University World Leaders Forum
  • Abstract: Internationally renowned artist Alfredo Jaar will present a selection of projects he has created in response to conflicts around the world. Following will be a conversation between Alfredo Jaar and Carol Becker, dean of the School of the Arts. A question and answer session with the audience will conclude the program.
  • Topic: Conflict Resolution, International Cooperation, International Affairs, Culture
  • Author: Madhav Kumar
  • Publication Date: 09-2009
  • Content Type: Video
  • Institution: Columbia University World Leaders Forum
  • Abstract: This World Leaders Forum program features a keynote address by Bharrat Jagdeo, President of the Republic of Guyana, followed by a question and answer session with the audience.
  • Topic: International Trade and Finance, International Affairs
  • Political Geography: South Asia, Asia, Nepal
  • Author: Kofi Annan
  • Publication Date: 09-2009
  • Content Type: Video
  • Institution: Columbia University World Leaders Forum
  • Abstract: This program features a keynote address by Kofi Annan, Columbia Global Fellow and former Secretary-General of the United Nations, followed by a question and answer session with the audience.
  • Topic: Conflict Resolution, Conflict Prevention, Human Rights, International Cooperation, United Nations, International Affairs
  • Author: Boris Tadic
  • Publication Date: 09-2009
  • Content Type: Video
  • Institution: Columbia University World Leaders Forum
  • Abstract: This World Leaders Forum program features a keynote address by Boris Tadic, President of the Republic of Serbia, followed by a question and answer session with the audience.
  • Topic: Security, International Affairs, Territorial Disputes
  • Political Geography: Serbia, Balkans