Search

You searched for: Content Type Working Paper Remove constraint Content Type: Working Paper Publication Year within 10 Years Remove constraint Publication Year: within 10 Years
Number of results to display per page

Search Results

  • Publication Date: 03-2008
  • Content Type: Working Paper
  • Institution: The Carter Center
  • Abstract: We, over 125 members of the global access to information community from 40 countries, representing governments, civil society organizations, international bodies and financial institutions, donor agencies and foundations, private sector companies, media outlets and scholars, gathered in Atlanta, Georgia from February 27-29, 2008, under the auspices of the Carter Center and hereby adopt the following Declaration and Plan of Action to advance the passage, implementation, enforcement, and exercise of the right of access to information:
  • Topic: Civil Society, Intelligence, Treaties and Agreements, Intellectual Property/Copyright
  • Political Geography: Georgia
  • Author: Predrag Jureković, Ernst M. Felberbauer, Frederic Labarre (Eds.)
  • Publication Date: 10-2008
  • Content Type: Working Paper
  • Institution: Austrian National Defence Academy
  • Abstract: The declaration of independence of Kosovo on February 17 th , 2008 has marked the last stage of Kosovo's path to state building and also has closed the last chapter on the disintegration of Yugoslavia. The declaration of independence and the subsequent enacting of the Constitution by the Assembly of the Republic of Kosovo were not annulled by United Nations Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK). Therefore, the legality of this act was quietly accepted by UNMIK, despite the lack of agreement within United Nations Security Council (UNSC). In addition, a day before the independence was declared, the EU Special Representative for Common Foreign and Security Policy Dr. Javier Solana, appointed Mr. Peter Feith as the Head of International Civilian Office (ICO) and the Council of European Union decided to deploy the EULEX Mission to Kosovo as envisaged by the Ahtisaari's Comprehensive Status Proposal.
  • Topic: Conflict Resolution, Ethnic Conflict, Peace Studies, Treaties and Agreements
  • Political Geography: Europe, Kosovo, Yugoslavia, Balkans
  • Author: Ritske Bloemendaal(ed.), Kars de Bruijne(ed.)
  • Publication Date: 07-2008
  • Content Type: Working Paper
  • Institution: Centre for European Security Studies
  • Abstract: The global security situation has changed fundamentally since the dissolution of the Soviet Union and the Warsaw Pact. A global war between superpowers has become less likely and new security concerns have appeared on the agenda. Smaller high- and low-intensity conflicts have erupted, largely with ethnic and religious origins, and occurring overwhelmingly within, rather than between, countries. Intrastate conflict accounts for 95% of current conflicts worldwide. As a result, mechanisms to cope with these new challenges have emerged. Methods of conflict prevention, conflict management and post-conflict programmes like Disarmament, Demobilisation and Reintegration (DDR) and Security System Reform (SSR) have gained importance.
  • Topic: Conflict Resolution, Cold War, Peace Studies, United Nations, War
  • Political Geography: Soviet Union
  • Author: Anne Aldis, Margriet Drent
  • Publication Date: 07-2008
  • Content Type: Working Paper
  • Institution: Centre for European Security Studies
  • Abstract: Why are we presenting another book on civil-military relations? Many trees have already been sacrificed in the name of a better understanding of the relationship between those in uniform and those they serve. Unfortunately, it appears that the more that has been written, the more elusive the last, definitive word on the subject becomes. And we must say at the outset that this book does not provide it either. Perhaps that is because the subject is too broad to cover in a single volume.
  • Topic: Civil Society, Democratization, War
  • Political Geography: Europe
  • Author: Richard B. Zabel, James J. Benjamin
  • Publication Date: 05-2008
  • Content Type: Working Paper
  • Institution: Human Rights First
  • Abstract: This White Paper examines the capability of the federal courts to handle criminal cases arising from international terrorism. In the Paper, we focus on terrorism that is associated— organizationally, financially, or ideologically—with selfdescribed “jihadist” or Islamist extremist terrorist groups like al Qaeda. Many observers have expressed views on this important subject. Some have argued for prosecuting terrorist criminals outside of the civilian court system; others have called for the establishment of an entirely new “national security court.” A premise of such arguments is that the traditional court system is not well-equipped to handle international terrorism cases. We aim to explore that premise.
  • Topic: Islam, Terrorism, War
  • Political Geography: United States
  • Publication Date: 12-2008
  • Content Type: Working Paper
  • Institution: Human Rights First
  • Abstract: European and North American governments are failing to keep pace with a wave of violent hate crime that continues to rise across the region. Racism, xenophobia, antisemitism, anti-Muslim and anti-Roma hatred, religious intolerance, homophobia: the list of biases that fuel these crimes is a long one. Attacks range from lethal assaults to threats and harassment to vandalism and desecration of religious and community property. The perpetrators are individuals acting alone, or in concert with neighbors, coworkers, and fellow students, as well as loosely-knit or more organized groups that share ideologies of hatred and act on them. The violence can ruin lives, or end them. It can terrorize whole communities, driving away vulnerable minorities or forcing them to stay out of sight. Violent hate crime, especially when the official response to it is weak or nonexistent, also attacks the society at large, undermining the very notions of equality and the equal protection of the law.
  • Topic: Crime, Sociology, Culture
  • Political Geography: Europe, North America, Kurdistan
  • Author: Craig Fagan, Anja Osterhaus
  • Publication Date: 11-2008
  • Content Type: Working Paper
  • Institution: Transparency International
  • Abstract: Whistleblowers play a vital role in exposing corruption, fraud and mismanagement and in preventing disasters that arise from negligence or wrongdoing. Prominent whistleblowers revealed the cover-up of SARS and other dangerous diseases that threatened millions of people in China; they disclosed corruption and nepotism in the European Commission and helped to avoid environmental hazards in the US.
  • Topic: Corruption, Governance, Law
  • Political Geography: United States, China, Europe
  • Author: Juanita Riaño, Robin Hodess
  • Publication Date: 12-2008
  • Content Type: Working Paper
  • Institution: Transparency International
  • Abstract: Corruption and bribery are complex transactions that involve both someone who offers a benefit, often a bribe, and someone who accepts, as well as a variety of specialists or intermediaries to facilitate the transaction. By perpetuating the 'abuse of entrusted power for private gain' – Transparency International's (TI) definition of corruption – both the bribe payer and bribe taker cause damage in a number of ways. Ultimately, their corrupt dealings create extreme inequity – both in markets and in societies.
  • Topic: Corruption, International Trade and Finance, International Affairs, Governance
  • Publication Date: 04-2008
  • Content Type: Working Paper
  • Institution: Transparency International
  • Abstract: In this report, Transparency International (TI) evaluates 42 leading oil and gas companies on their current policies, management systems and performance in areas relevant to revenue transparency in their upstream operations. Revenue transparency in this report includes three areas of corporate action where disclosure can contribute to improved accountability in the management of extractive revenues: payments to host governments, operations and corporate anti-corruption programmes. The companies are evaluated in a total of 21 countries of operation. This report is a featured product of TI's Promoting Revenue Transparency Project and attempts to characterise current levels of company revenue transparency, to point to best practices, and to suggest areas for improvement.
  • Topic: Corruption, International Trade and Finance, International Affairs, Natural Resources, Governance
  • Publication Date: 12-2008
  • Content Type: Working Paper
  • Institution: Aspen Institute
  • Abstract: The American relationship with Lebanon has ebbed and flowed over the decades, as policy has tended to be reactive rather than driven by a clear sense of U.S. goals. More recently, the U.S. strongly supported the 2005 Lebanese independence movement against Syrian hegemony, known as the “Cedar Revolution” in the United States and the “Independence Intifada” in Lebanon, and continues to maintain strong ties to the ruling March 14 coalition which was born out of that movement.
  • Political Geography: United States, Middle East, Lebanon, Syria