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  • Author: Anthony C. Howlett-Bolton
  • Publication Date: 10-2008
  • Content Type: Working Paper
  • Institution: Global Facilitation Network for Security Sector Reform
  • Abstract: Whilst it might be said that one forgets one's heritage at one's peril, it must also be understood that the past does not necessarily dictate the future. The purpose of this paper is twofold: To serve as a basis for ongoing discussion of the need to ensure holistic development approaches for both justice and security sectors and to document justice and security sector progress in Sierra Leone from 1999 to 2007.
  • Topic: Conflict Resolution, Security, Defense Policy
  • Political Geography: Africa, United Kingdom, Sierra Leone
  • Author: Kadi Fakondo
  • Publication Date: 10-2008
  • Content Type: Working Paper
  • Institution: Global Facilitation Network for Security Sector Reform
  • Abstract: By 1999, it became obvious by every standard that the Sierra Leone Police (SLP) needed immediate reforming in order to regain both public confidence and international credibility. At the time, the SLP was considered a spent force, with little or no logistical support to enhance its capability. Its methods of policing were very unprofessional and displayed blatant disregard for human rights; corruption was the order of the day. Morale and motivation among police personnel were very low.
  • Topic: Security, Defense Policy
  • Political Geography: Africa, United Kingdom, Sierra Leone
  • Author: Kellie Hassan Conteh
  • Publication Date: 10-2008
  • Content Type: Working Paper
  • Institution: Global Facilitation Network for Security Sector Reform
  • Abstract: The working paper series on Sierra Leone is part of the research programme 'Security System Transformation in Sierra Leone, 1997-2007'. These working papers present perspectives from both Sierra Leone and the United Kingdom regarding the implementation of activities broadly defined as security sector reform (SSR) in the period towards the end of and following the Sierra Leone war.
  • Topic: Security, Defense Policy
  • Political Geography: Africa, Sierra Leone
  • Author: Robert Ashington-Pickett
  • Publication Date: 10-2008
  • Content Type: Working Paper
  • Institution: Global Facilitation Network for Security Sector Reform
  • Abstract: The working paper series on Sierra Leone is part of the research programme 'Security System Transformation in Sierra Leone, 1997-2007'. These working papers present perspectives from both Sierra Leone and the United Kingdom regarding the implementation of activities broadly defined as security sector reform (SSR) in the period towards the end of and following the Sierra Leone war.
  • Topic: Security, Defense Policy, Intelligence
  • Political Geography: Africa, Sierra Leone
  • Author: Barry J Le Grys
  • Publication Date: 10-2008
  • Content Type: Working Paper
  • Institution: Global Facilitation Network for Security Sector Reform
  • Abstract: The working paper series on Sierra Leone is part of the research programme 'Security System Transformation in Sierra Leone, 1997-2007'. These working papers present perspectives from both Sierra Leone and the United Kingdom regarding the implementation of activities broadly defined as security sector reform (SSR) in the period towards the end of and following the Sierra Leone war.
  • Topic: Security, Foreign Policy, Defense Policy
  • Political Geography: Africa, Europe, Sierra Leone
  • Author: Rosalind Hanson-Alp
  • Publication Date: 10-2008
  • Content Type: Working Paper
  • Institution: Global Facilitation Network for Security Sector Reform
  • Abstract: The working paper series on Sierra Leone is part of the research programme 'Security System Transformation in Sierra Leone, 1997-2007'. These working papers present perspectives from both Sierra Leone and the United Kingdom regarding the implementation of activities broadly defined as security sector reform (SSR) in the period towards the end of and following the Sierra Leone war.
  • Topic: Security, Civil Society
  • Political Geography: Africa, Sierra Leone
  • Author: María Fernanda Arias
  • Publication Date: 10-2008
  • Content Type: Working Paper
  • Institution: CONfines de Relaciones Internacionales y Ciencia Política
  • Abstract: En 1986, dos años después del arribo de Raúl Alfonsín a la Presidencia de la Argentina, se inauguraba una escuela de estudios informáticos. La Escuela Superior Latinoamericana de Informática (ESLAI) abrió sus puertas en un bucólico lugar: el Parque Nacional Pereyra Iraola, en el casco de la antigua estancia de una aristocrática familia argentina, cuya propiedad fuera expropiada por el gobierno del General Juan Domingo Perón en 1949 (“Parque Pereyra, una reserva natural mundial”, 2008, 28 de enero).
  • Topic: Education, Science and Technology
  • Political Geography: Latin America
  • Publication Date: 03-2008
  • Content Type: Working Paper
  • Institution: Human Rights First
  • Abstract: In August, for the first time in history, China will host the Olympics. For Beijing, those will be days of pride, a chance to display its progress and bask in the world's admiration. But far from the splendor of the Summer Games, the people of a remote area in the largest nation in Africa—the people of Sudan's Darfur region—will endure more death, disease and dislocation, and this will be due in no small part to China's callousness. Craving energy to keep its economic miracle humming, Beijing has forged a strong partnership with the Sudanese government in Khartoum.
  • Topic: Foreign Policy, Human Rights, Weapons of Mass Destruction
  • Political Geography: Africa, China, Sudan
  • Author: Noureddine Jebnoun
  • Publication Date: 02-2008
  • Content Type: Working Paper
  • Institution: Center for Contemporary Arab Studies
  • Abstract: On March 4, 2004, General Charles Wald, then-deputy commander for the European Command (EUCOM), observed that “there has, without a doubt, been some al-Qaida presence in portions of North Africa. But it isn't like Afghanistan or other places, and what's more, Pakistan, for that matter.” On March 10, 2005, Rep. Edward R. Royce (R-California), chairman of the House Subcommittee on International Terrorism and Nonproliferation, mentioned in a prepared statement that the “train and equip efforts [undertaken by the Trans-Sahara Counter Terrorism Partnership (TSCTP)] are aimed at eliminating the 'next Afghanistan': another terrorist sanctuary” across the Sahara-Sahel region, which allegedly harbors Islamic militants and bin Laden sympathizers. More recently, Rep. Jane Harman (D-California) argued that “North Africa could be the next front in [the] war on terror.”
  • Topic: Political Violence, Terrorism, Counterinsurgency
  • Political Geography: Pakistan, Afghanistan, Arabia, Algeria, North Africa
  • Author: Daniel K. N. Johnson, Kristina M. Lybecker
  • Publication Date: 10-2008
  • Content Type: Working Paper
  • Institution: Department of Economics and Business, Colorado College
  • Abstract: During the tabulation of votes in the 2000 presidential election, the world was shocked at the technological inadequacy of electoral equipment in many parts of the US. In reaction to public dismay over "hanging chads", Congress quickly enacted the Help America Vote Act (HAVA), legislation to fund the acquisition of advanced vote-counting technology. However, the intention was to enable, rather than mandate, choices of new electoral equipment. This paper takes advantage of a unique historical opportunity to test whether electoral equipment follows the pattern predicted by well-established models of innovation diffusion, merging electoral data with census data on socioeconomic characteristics. We infer that fiscal constraints to acquisition are strong but are not the only limitations to technology adoption, particularly within certain types of easily identifiable populations.
  • Topic: Democratization, Politics, Social Stratification
  • Political Geography: United States