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  • Publication Date: 03-2009
  • Content Type: Working Paper
  • Institution: Transparency International
  • Abstract: Bribery and corruption remain endemic problems in many countries, weakening governance and posing a major impediment to development. At the same time, bribery and corruption are a significant risk for companies around the world: not only must companies comply with anti-bribery legislation, but corrupt company practices are increasingly scrutinised and punished by both investors and society at large who demand that companies behave as responsible corporate citizens. To ensure compliance with laws and to manage the broader risk of corruption, firms must adopt coherent policies and systems to prevent and redress bribery and corruption.
  • Topic: Corruption, International Trade and Finance, International Affairs, Governance, Peacekeeping
  • Publication Date: 02-2009
  • Content Type: Working Paper
  • Institution: Transparency International
  • Abstract: The Business Principles for Countering Bribery were originally developed through an extensive multi-stakeholder process involving companies, non-governmental organisations and trade unions as a tool to assist enterprises to develop effective approaches to countering bribery in all of their activities.
  • Topic: Corruption, International Trade and Finance, International Affairs, Governance
  • Author: Juanita Riaño
  • Publication Date: 05-2009
  • Content Type: Working Paper
  • Institution: Transparency International
  • Abstract: Transparency International's (TI) 2009 Global Corruption Barometer (the Barometer) presents the main findings of a public opinion survey that explores the general public's views of corruption, as well as experiences of bribery around the world. It assesses the extent to which key institutions and public services are perceived to be corrupt, measures citizens' views on government efforts to fight corruption, and this year, for the first time, includes questions about the level of state capture and people's willingness to pay a premium for clean corporate behaviour.
  • Topic: Corruption, International Trade and Finance, International Affairs, Governance, Law
  • Publication Date: 07-2009
  • Content Type: Working Paper
  • Institution: Transparency International
  • Abstract: Anti-corruption hotlines provide a key channel for governments to receive complaints from individuals who have come into contact with or been victims of corruption. Increasingly, hotlines are being valued as a channel for citizen redress and as a barometer of the success of government anti-corruption efforts. They provide for broad feedback to governments from civil society on how well policies and institutions are working, where breakdowns occur and where responses are needed. As a service, hotlines are similar to community audits and legal advice centres in offering a means to cross-check whether campaign pledges and government promises are producing results. Yet their success in combating corruption is dependent on a number of operational, administrative, institutional and political factors — each of which this paper will attempt to address by drawing on examples from Azerbaijan, Czech Republic, Kenya and Moldova.
  • Topic: Civil Society, Corruption, International Affairs, Governance
  • Political Geography: Kenya, Moldova, Azerbaijan
  • Publication Date: 07-2009
  • Content Type: Working Paper
  • Institution: Transparency International
  • Abstract: The Integrity Pact (IP) is a tool developed during the 1990s by Transparency International (TI) to help governments, businesses and civil society intent on fighting corruption in the field of public contracting. It consists of a process that includes an agreement between a government or government department (hereafter referred to as the Authority) and all bidders for a public sector contract.
  • Topic: Civil Society, Corruption, International Affairs, Governance
  • Publication Date: 10-2009
  • Content Type: Working Paper
  • Institution: Transparency International
  • Abstract: Corruption and its effects are a global dilemma. From small bribes paid to police officers in Bangladesh to the holding of stolen assets by banks, the impacts from these abuses on states and citizens are the same: the undermining of the rule of law, the violation of rights, opaque institutions, lost public resources and weakened national integrity.
  • Topic: Civil Society, Corruption, International Affairs, Governance
  • Author: Fritz Heimann, Gillian Dell
  • Publication Date: 06-2009
  • Content Type: Working Paper
  • Institution: Transparency International
  • Abstract: In 1997, the member states of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) adopted the OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions (the OECD Convention). The adoption of the Convention was a landmark event in the fight against international corruption representing a collective commitment to ban foreign bribery by the governments of the leading industrialised states - countries accounting for the majority of global exports and foreign investment. Because most major multinational companies are based in OECD Convention countries, the Convention was hailed as the key to overcoming the damaging effects of foreign bribery on democratic institutions, development programmes and business competition. The Convention now has 38 parties. It requires parties to make it an offence to “intentionally offer, promise or give any undue pecuniary or other advantage, whether directly or through intermediaries, to a foreign public official, for that official or for a third party, in order that the official act or refrain from acting in relation to the performance of official duties, in order to obtain or retain business or other improper advantage in the conduct of international business.”
  • Topic: Corruption, International Trade and Finance, International Affairs, Governance
  • Author: Jessica Yeats
  • Publication Date: 12-2009
  • Content Type: Working Paper
  • Institution: Center for Strategic and International Studies
  • Abstract: At the 3 November 2009 SNL-LLNL-CSIS workshop, participants identified a number of key technical challenges and opportunities associated with Congress and the Obama Administration's new U.S. nuclear agenda. These key judgments can be distributed into four principal issue areas: 1) broad policy considerations; 2) challenges and opportunities facing the U.S. nuclear weapons enterprise; 3) challenges and opportunities facing monitoring and verification; and 4) challenges and opportunities in cooperative threat and risk reduction. Within each sub-set, participants identified challenges that are common to nuclear futures ranging from a world without nuclear weapons to a highly proliferated world, as well as those challenges that are unique to a particular future.
  • Topic: Nuclear Weapons
  • Political Geography: United States
  • Author: Michael Moran
  • Publication Date: 05-2009
  • Content Type: Working Paper
  • Institution: Global Political Trends Center
  • Abstract: One of the main factors that led directly to the present status quo in Cyprus tends to be forgotten. This was the extraordinary display of timidity on the part of Great Britain in the 1960s when confronted with determined Greek Cypriot attempts to make Cyprus Greek. And, needless to say, the subsequent forceful division of the island by Turkey in 1974 should always be seen in this earlier context: not, that is, as some kind of unforeseeable interruption in the island's natural and peaceful progression towards its Hellenic 'redemption'; least of all as the result of a brutal and arbitrary interference in a sovereign state on the part of a 'foreign power', both of which notions still circulate among many Greeks and their political sympathisers.
  • Topic: Politics
  • Political Geography: Britain, Turkey, Greece, Cyprus
  • Author: Michael Moran, Rauf R. Denktas
  • Publication Date: 04-2009
  • Content Type: Working Paper
  • Institution: Global Political Trends Center
  • Abstract: This series of letters came about as follows. Sometime late in April, 2008 I went to see President Denktaş at his office in Nicosia, partly as a courtesy visit and partly because I thought he would be interested to read two documents I brought with me. One was a long article on Cyprus by Perry Anderson, a well-known British leftist, now teaching at an American university. Anderson's piece had recently appeared in the London Review of Books to which journal he was a regular contributor. The other thing I gave Denktaş was a letter I had sent to the LRB pointing out, in effect, what a one-sided, slapdash assortment of misinformation Anderson had inflicted on the British reading public.
  • Political Geography: United States, United Kingdom, Cyprus