Search

You searched for: Content Type Working Paper Remove constraint Content Type: Working Paper Publishing Institution Center for Defense Information Remove constraint Publishing Institution: Center for Defense Information Topic Terrorism Remove constraint Topic: Terrorism
Number of results to display per page

Search Results

  • Publication Date: 11-2006
  • Content Type: Working Paper
  • Institution: Center for Defense Information
  • Abstract: The Iraqi High Tribunal (IHT), or Iraqi Higher Criminal Court, previously known as the Iraqi Special Tribunal (IST), announced Nov. 5, 2006, that it was sentencing former Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein Al-Majeed to death by hanging. The verdict comes in the first prosecution Saddam has faced before the tribunal, for the 1982 mass killing of villagers in the Shia town of Dujayl and related atrocities. Bringing Saddam and his henchmen to justice has posed unique challenges to an Iraq that seeks to make a former totalitarian dictatorship subject to rule of law, and in the process respect rule of law by providing fair trials. Unclear is the extent to which efforts to establish an historical record of atrocities, and undertake national healing, would be thwarted by executing Saddam before he can be tried for additional incidents. Of added significance are concerns raised by some voices that the death penalty itself is immoral and inconsistent with rule of law.
  • Topic: International Relations, Security, Terrorism
  • Political Geography: Iraq, Middle East
  • Author: Francis Rheinheimer
  • Publication Date: 05-2006
  • Content Type: Working Paper
  • Institution: Center for Defense Information
  • Abstract: In the months ahead, NATO's International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) will deploy thousands more troops to Afghanistan as part of its ongoing mission to “support the Government of Afghanistan in providing and maintaining a secure environment in order to facilitate the re-building of Afghanistan.” Troop levels are expected to rise from about 8,000 in January to 17,000 by the end of October. The expansion, known as Stage III, will be responsible for maintaining security in the troubled southern provinces, where most violent attacks against foreign and domestic forces have taken place. NATO's commander, U.S. Gen. James L. Jones said ISAF could total as many as 25,000 troops eventually. British, Dutch and Canadian forces will be leading the effort to bring peace to Afghanistan through both civilian and military methods. Troops will be engaged in peacekeeping, reconstruction and, in all likelihood, open conflict – an effort Jones called “NATO's most ambitious operation.” Despite a lack of popular support for the missions in all three of the main troop-contributing countries, international leaders have pledged to safeguard Afghanistan from both internal and external forces that would otherwise lead the country into chaos.
  • Topic: NATO, Human Welfare, Politics, Religion, Terrorism
  • Political Geography: Afghanistan
  • Author: Francis Rheinheimer
  • Publication Date: 05-2006
  • Content Type: Working Paper
  • Institution: Center for Defense Information
  • Abstract: A senior U.S. State Department official said on April 3 that more violence was expected in the coming months. Assistant Secretary of State for South and Central Asia Richard Boucher reaffirmed the opinion of some U.S. military leaders that the warmer months and the increased presence of International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) troops would signal a stepped up effort by insurgents to disrupt peacebuilding and reconstruction efforts. Boucher also cited the battle against narcotics traffickers as cause for increased fighting.
  • Topic: Human Welfare, Politics, Religion, Terrorism
  • Political Geography: United States, Asia
  • Author: Francis Rheinheimer
  • Publication Date: 04-2006
  • Content Type: Working Paper
  • Institution: Center for Defense Information
  • Abstract: It has become a truism that any attempt to define or quantify terrorism is informed by political trends, and thus subject to fluctuations based not on hard facts but on political fashion. Yet the State Department's now defunct annual publication, Patterns of Global Terrorism, was the closest approximation of any government effort to provide information in an objective and consistent manner. As a successor to Patterns, the report produced by the U.S. National Counterterrorism Center (NCTC) – called A Chronology of Significant International Terrorism for 2004--effectively ends over 20 years of analytical consistency in the U.S. government's terrorism accounting practices.
  • Topic: Human Welfare, Politics, Religion, Terrorism
  • Political Geography: United States
  • Author: Francis Rheinheimer
  • Publication Date: 04-2006
  • Content Type: Working Paper
  • Institution: Center for Defense Information
  • Abstract: Three Afghan guards and a French Special Forces officer were killed when insurgents attacked a post in Kandahar on March 4. The same day, a roadside bomb exploded when a government vehicle drove by, killing a local intelligence chief and three of his bodyguards. The Taliban claimed responsibility for both attacks.
  • Topic: Human Welfare, Politics, Religion, Terrorism
  • Political Geography: Afghanistan
  • Author: Francis Rheinheimer
  • Publication Date: 03-2006
  • Content Type: Working Paper
  • Institution: Center for Defense Information
  • Abstract: Four U.S. soldiers were killed on Feb. 13 when their vehicle hit a bomb in central Afghanistan's Uruzgan province. It was the deadliest single-day loss of American troops since September, when five died in a helicopter crash.
  • Topic: Human Welfare, Politics, Religion, Terrorism
  • Political Geography: Afghanistan, United States
  • Author: Francis Rheinheimer
  • Publication Date: 02-2006
  • Content Type: Working Paper
  • Institution: Center for Defense Information
  • Abstract: Four U.S. soldiers were killed on Feb. 13 when their vehicle hit a bomb in central Afghanistan's Uruzgan province. It was the deadliest single-day loss of American troops since September, when five died in a helicopter crash. On Feb. 19, the Pentagon announced that 215 U.S. soldiers had been killed since the conflict began in late 2001. Of those, 129 were killed by hostile action. On Feb. 23, a man driving a truck filled with explosives was shot and killed by coalition forces after the material failed to explode. He managed to throw one grenade but no soldiers were hurt.
  • Topic: Human Welfare, Politics, Religion, Terrorism
  • Political Geography: Afghanistan, United States, America
  • Author: Joseph Button
  • Publication Date: 01-2006
  • Content Type: Working Paper
  • Institution: Center for Defense Information
  • Abstract: On Nov. 30, suspected Taliban militants ambushed a U.S.-led convoy in Helmand province. U.S. warplanes and troops responding to the attack killed two militants. On Dec. 4, two U.S. Chinook helicopters facing enemy fire made emergency landings. The first landed harshly north of Kandahar, injuring five U.S. soldiers. The second aircraft made a came down at a forward base in Uruzgan province, injuring an Afghan soldier.
  • Topic: Human Welfare, Politics, Religion, Terrorism
  • Political Geography: Afghanistan, United States
  • Author: Joseph Button
  • Publication Date: 10-2005
  • Content Type: Working Paper
  • Institution: Center for Defense Information
  • Abstract: U.S. led coalition forces killed 12 militants and arrested nine others in a raid in Zabul province on Sept. 5. Coalition forces did not suffer any casualties. U.S. military officials said the militants used their hideout location to stage attacks before the upcoming Sept. 18 elections. In a remote area of Kandahar province, U.S. and Afghan forces killed 13 Taliban fighters and captured more than a dozen more on Sept. 5. The U.S.-led assault targeted Taliban rebels suspected of the murder of Abduallah Kalid, a candidate for the upcoming elections.
  • Topic: Human Welfare, Politics, Religion, Terrorism
  • Political Geography: Afghanistan, United States, Taliban
  • Author: Benjamin Goldsmith
  • Publication Date: 09-2005
  • Content Type: Working Paper
  • Institution: Center for Defense Information
  • Abstract: In the aftermath of Sept. 11, 2001, the task of wiping out radical Islamist groups and their support networks gained a new urgency for the United States. U.S. attention landed squarely on Afghanistan and Central Asia, the home base of Al Qaeda, the Taliban, and several other radical Islamic groups. The war in Afghanistan created the need for large number of U.S. troops in the region and a base from which to operate, while the newly proclaimed “War on Terror” created a strategic interest in maintaining this presence to suppress further Islamic radicalism.
  • Topic: Security, Terrorism
  • Political Geography: Russia, China, Europe, Asia
  • Author: Mark Burgess
  • Publication Date: 08-2005
  • Content Type: Working Paper
  • Institution: Center for Defense Information
  • Abstract: The U.S. State Department's list of Foreign Terrorist Organizations (FTOs) began in 1997 as a method of tracking down and striking back against specific terrorist groups around the world. FTOs are designated as such based on a demonstrated capability and/or willingness to engage in terrorist methods that threaten the U.S. national security interests. These methods include attacks on U.S. nationals, and American national defense, military, diplomatic, and economic interests. The FTO list provides the U.S. government with the legal authority to conduct prosecutions against U.S. citizens, or foreign nationals within the country, for aiding — financially, ideologically or logistically — any designated FTO. FTO designation can also mean certain members or representatives of the designated terror group can be denied entry to the United States through visa rejection or other means. The United States also maintains the authority to compel U.S. financial institutions to freeze any assets linked to an FTO and to report them to the U.S. Department of the Treasury pursuant to Executive Order 13244.
  • Topic: Human Welfare, Politics, Religion, Terrorism
  • Political Geography: United States
  • Author: Steven C. Welsh
  • Publication Date: 06-2004
  • Content Type: Working Paper
  • Institution: Center for Defense Information
  • Abstract: With a decision notably brief for the mountain of argument leading up to it, the U.S. Supreme Court in Rasul v. Bush held on June 28, 2004, that foreign nationals imprisoned without charge at the Guantanamo Bay interrogation camps were entitled to bring legal action challenging their captivity in U.S. federal civilian courts.
  • Topic: Foreign Policy, Human Rights, International Law, Terrorism
  • Political Geography: United States
  • Author: Andrew Prosser
  • Publication Date: 06-2004
  • Content Type: Working Paper
  • Institution: Center for Defense Information
  • Abstract: Participant countries of the Proliferation Security Initiative (PSI), a U.S.-led effort to stem the illicit trafficking of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and delivery systems, met on the first anniversary of the initiative, from May 31 to June 1 in Krakow, Poland. Russia announced on the first day of the meeting its decision to participate in the PSI, a move that U.S. officials had supported as an important step in augmenting the effectiveness of the initiative. However, Russia's participation will only occur, according to the Russian Foreign Ministry, as long as PSI activities do not violate national or international law. Russian officials have similarly expressed concerns that the PSI's land, sea, and air-based WMD interdiction activities could endanger international commerce, and give unwarranted powers to the U.S. Navy to act as a global police force.
  • Topic: Defense Policy, Arms Control and Proliferation, Terrorism, Weapons of Mass Destruction
  • Political Geography: Russia, United States
  • Author: Marcus Corbin
  • Publication Date: 02-2003
  • Content Type: Working Paper
  • Institution: Center for Defense Information
  • Abstract: In 2001, prior to the attacks of Sept. 11, the Center for Defense Information published a national security review and force structure entitled Reforging the Sword: Forces for a 21st Century Security Strategy. Happily for the authors of Reforging, the Sept. 11 attacks did not make it obsolete. To the contrary, its emphases on working more closely with allies, on lighter, more agile forces, on intelligence, and on the importance of nonmilitary components of a conflict were important elements of the conduct of the counterattack by the administration of U.S. President George W. Bush. The events of Sept. 11 and Operation Enduring Freedom have reinforced the need raised in Reforging to prepare for new threats, and have enhanced the prospects for some of its proposed new directions, particularly in the area of allied collaboration if a multilateralist administration took office. This report updates Reforging the Sword in light of events on and since Sept. 11, 2001. The suggestions here use as a foundation the predilections spelled out in Reforging for working with allies, for taking the nonmilitary elements of modern war into consideration, and for trying to keep humans in the war-fighting loop.
  • Topic: Foreign Policy, Defense Policy, Terrorism
  • Political Geography: United States
  • Author: F. G. Hoffman
  • Publication Date: 12-2001
  • Content Type: Working Paper
  • Institution: Center for Defense Information
  • Abstract: The tragic events of Sept. 11 have evoked memories of Pearl Harbor. The terror incidents also have raised allegations about continued security gaps and massive intelligence failures. On top of the fallout from failing to assess South Asian nuclear programs, North Korean missile progress, Iraq's weapons of mass destruction, and the Ames fiasco, the current crisis finds the U.S. intelligence empire reeling.
  • Topic: Foreign Policy, Terrorism
  • Political Geography: United States, South Asia