You searched for: Content Type Working Paper Remove constraint Content Type: Working Paper Publishing Institution Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard University Remove constraint Publishing Institution: Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard University Political Geography Eastern Europe Remove constraint Political Geography: Eastern Europe Topic Communism Remove constraint Topic: Communism
- Author: Mitchell Orenstein, Martine R. Hass
- Publication Date: 02-2002
- Content Type: Working Paper
- Institution: Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard University
- Abstract: How has globalization influenced welfare state development in postcommunist Europe? We focus on the leading East-Central European accession states, Poland, the Czech Republic, and Hungary, and show that these states have experienced radically different welfare state developments since 1989 from their neighbors in the former Soviet Union. The first pa rt of the paper proposes that these divergent paths can be explained by a “Europe effect”. We argue that the effects of globalization have differed greatly, depending on a country's position in the international economy and geopolitical relations. We demonstrate that countries closer to the European Union have used welfare state programs to compensate citizens for the traumas of system transition and economic openness, while the welfare systems in the former Soviet states have collapsed to a far greater extent, in terms of spending and effectivness.
- Topic: Communism, Globalization, Government
- Political Geography: Europe, Eastern Europe, Poland, Soviet Union, Hungary, Czech Republic